|Republic of Moldova||10%||21%|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||1%||5%|
Source: Human Development Report 2010
At any time of the day we are able to draw clean water from our taps, and our wastewater is cleaned and treated using the latest technologies. While reliable and efficient water provision with high quality services is virtually taken for granted in Switzerland, for many people in South-eastern Europe the daily reality is quite different.
The installed systems are obsolete, more than half of the water seeps away as a result of leaking pipes, and people become ill because of the poor water quality. Switzerland has been helping these countries for over 20 years to build and operate both reliable water supply and wastewater-treatment systems, while providing advice on how to manage them.
Most countries in South-eastern Europe do not possess adequate resources for the regular maintenance, modernisation or expansion of the infrastructure, since a properly functioning water management system comes at a price. The financial crisis has further aggravated the situation. As a rule, the income from water charges just about covers the wages of those working for the water supply companies and does not stretch to the upgrading of the installations. The consequences of this underfunding are obsolete and unreliable supply systems, substantial losses and poor water quality.
How does access to water help?
The following are noticeable to all concerned: a reduction in sickness, daily time-saving, increased income and improved knowledge (e.g. about sickness and hygiene). There are in addition important structural effects: improved standing as a business location, more capable supply and disposal enterprises, protection of the environment. One of the ways in which Swiss development cooperation has been most effective is through the promotion of local institutions: putting the operation and maintenance of water installations into the hands of those concerned. Moreover, Switzerland’s commitment in regions where conditions are difficult and its input for reducing the risk of natural disasters and conflicts over water also make significant contributions to crisis prevention.
Informaciones complementarias y documentación
- Agua 2015 - Versión resumida
Principios y líneas directrices
Bajar (PDF, 292 KB) : [de] [en] [fr] [es]
- Report on the Effectiveness of Swiss Development cooperation in the water sector
Bajar (PDF, 659 KB) : [de] [en] [fr] [it]
- A Human Rights-Based Approach to Water and Sanitation
Bajar (PDF, 475 KB) : [en]
- Cooperación con Europa del Este