Countries in the Horn of Africa are undergoing a serious food crisis. Switzerland has decided to strengthen its support.
- Crisis in the Horn of Africa
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Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya)
Website of the SDC in Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya): www.swiss-cooperation.admin.ch/hornofafrica/
Food security, health, migration, good governance as well as State and peace building including conflict transformation are at the centre of the Cooperation Strategy 2013-2016 for the Horn of Africa. It builds on Switzerland’s past achievements in the region and underscores SDC’s commitment to working in fragile contexts. The strategy combines long-term development cooperation with existing humanitarian programmes and applies a «whole-of-government» approach.
The Horn of Africa is a new focus region for SDC, based on the Federal Message on International Cooperation 2013-2016.Politically Switzerland defines the Horn of Africa in a broader sense: «Greater Horn of Africa», including Sudan, South Sudan and Yemen. In its work, the SDC focuses on the smaller Horn of Africa: Somalia, Ethiopia and North/North-Eastern Kenya, but continues to engage in other areas of the Horn based on humanitarian needs.
Effects of ongoing conflicts
Local conflicts over equitable access and share of natural resources are on the increase. Furthermore, the region accounts for the world’s highest maternal and child mortality rates, and mines and explosive remnants of war limit options for securing livelihoods. The combination of these challenges lead to forced migration and high numbers of internally displaced persons and refugees, most of whom are hosted by neighbouring countries:
Joint Swiss partnership
Switzerland’s engagement in the region is guided by the OECD-DAC «Principles for Good International Engagement in Fragile States and Situations», the «New Deal for Engagement in Fragile States», which sets peace building and State building Goals, and the Millennium Development Goals.
In pursuit of peace, stability and growth
Switzerland should achieve these aims using a number of instruments at regional and local/national levels: bilateral and multilateral instruments; core and earmarked contributions to
government-owned and multi-donor projects or delegated cooperation agreements; possibly also locally managed development funds and/or direct implementation.
|Swiss International Cooperation||2011
|Bilateral development cooperation||0.23||1.51||5.00|
|State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO)|
|Economic Cooperation and Development||–||–||–|
|Other Federal Offices|
|FDFA Human Security Division and Directorate of International Law||0.59||0.68||0.11|
|Other FDFA Divisions||–||0.10||..|
|Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport (DDPS)||0.33||0.42||0.91|
|The State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI)||0.09||0.07||0.07|
|Total other Federal Offices||1.01||1.27||1.09|
|Cantons and municipalities||2.16||..||..|
SDC figures excluding program contributions to NGOs
.. = figures not available | – = nil or amount < 5'000 CHF
Each of the Swiss government actors involved, in particular Switzerland’s Humanitarian Aid and SDC’s Regional Cooperation and Global Cooperation, contributes to the four areas of intervention in order to achieve the corresponding goals.
Food security/rural development
The aim is to increase food security and the resilience of communities living on (semi-) arid lands by strengthening their ability to cope with environmental and socio-economic change. Support will be focused on the strengthening, adaptation and diversification of their livelihood strategies.
Improving the health status of the population in the geographic areas of intervention (arid/semi-arid lands), with a special focus on maternal and child health.
Good governance, State and peace building/conflict transformation
The goal is to strengthen the culture of accountable governance and peace dialogue at local, sub-national and national levels with a specific focus on the transformation of the Somali conflict and conflicts concerning power and resource sharing.
The target is to improve the protection of refugees, IDPs and migrants in the region, as well as improve migration management with a view to reduce vulnerability caused by irregular migration patterns.
A whole-of-government approach is applied in the Horn of Africa to ensure that Switzerland maximizes its positive impact and acts in a coherent and efficient manner. To achieve its overall goal in the «small» Horn of Africa, Switzerland combines:
- Humanitarian and development instruments (SDC):
See «activities» above.
- Political and diplomatic measures (The FDFA’s Human Security Division, Sub-Saharan Africa and Francophonie Division, and the embassies in Nairobi, Addis Ababa and
Human Security Division
Sub-Saharan Africa and Francophonie Division
- Migration instruments (Federal Office for Migration, Human Security Division, SDC):
Protection in the region: Federal Office for Migration
- Security instruments (Federal Department of Defence, Civil Protection and Sport):
International relations of the Swiss army
This approach is in line with the Report on the Strategic Axes of Swiss Foreign Policy 2012-2015. A steering mechanism on the «Greater Horn of Africa» has been established, involving all the Swiss actors.
Switzerland’s long-term commitment
From 1990-2012, Switzerland’s Humanitarian Aid invested in reconstruction, rehabilitation and conflict transformation, mainly in the emerging nations during and after the civil wars. Since 2006, it has been active in the region (Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Djibouti), with an annual budget ranging between CHF 14 and 20 millions. In 2011, the Swiss Federal Council granted an additional CHF 20m to the Humanitarian Aid to overcome the effects of the wide-spread drought and famine in the region, bringing the total budget to CHF 35m.
In 2009, a regional humanitarian Programme Office was re-established in Nairobi, Kenya. In 2010, a humanitarian antenna of the Cooperation Office opened in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In 2011, Global interventions related to food security and water were added and are followed-up from the SDC office in Addis Ababa.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, Switzerland has actively supported peace- and State building as well as demining programmes.
Applying the lessons learned
The new Cooperation Strategy 2013-2016 is a direct response to the following lessons gained from these past engagements:
- More efforts for resilience building and stronger linkages between humanitarian aid, development and peace building are needed to tackle the problems in the Horn of Africa region. Re-focusing humanitarian aid from predominantly emergency assistance to resilience building from 2008 onward, has proven to be the appropriate approach.
- Conflict-Sensitive Programme Management (CSPM) must be an integral part of any action in order not to induce harm and to maintain Switzerland’s neutral and supportive image.
Background information on the Horn of Africa
|Source: World Bank's World Development Indicators 2013
.. = figures not available
Local SDC contact address:
Horn of Africa (Somalia, Ethiopia, Kenya) (Nairobi)
Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)
|Phone||+254 202 134 323
+254 706 210 297
Here, you will find more publications, links, documents and articles about Swiss development cooperation and humanitarian aid in this country.