In Peru, Switzerland is supporting the development of an integral waste management system that covers the cycle from collection, triage, and recycling through to secure disposal. Today in Peru only 4% of waste is correctly disposed of. The waste project in Chiclayo serves a quarter of a million people. Other cities in Peru are now using the project as a model for how to set up an efficient and economically sustainable waste management system. Action is being taken to simplify access to other sources of finance, and over the medium term costs should fall by 35%.
In 1997, SECO began to set up Cleaner Production Centres which provide thousands of local companies with advice on how to improve their profitability and competitiveness with efficient and clean technologies. On average, savings in the use of resources of 30-50% have been achieved. To take one example, thanks to the introduction of new technology, a Colombian SME was able to reduce energy consumption by 30% and CO2 emissions by 60%. The increase in productivity immediately translated into improved competitiveness and rising exports.
Economic and trading policy measures
The economic and trading policy measures related to development cooperation are implemented by the State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO). On the basis of its own core competencies and to achieve optimal use of resources, SECO is concentrating on five priority themes:
The main priority is the promotion of economically, environmentally and socially sustainable growth which creates new jobs, encourages higher productivity and contributes to a reduction in poverty and inequality. This can be achieved by integrating partner countries in the global economy and by strengthening the competitiveness of domestic economies. The focus is on support measures for poor developing countries who have committed themselves to a serious and efficient reform process.
Economic development cooperation relies on the cooperation with specialised global organisations. SECO works closely with the World Bank Group, regional development banks and UN world trade organisations.
By taking targeted measures and concentrating the bilateral measures on the Middle Income Countries (MIC), in which the majority of poor people live, it has been possible
Tunisia has now also been classified a priority country for economic and trade policy measures alongside the seven existing priority countries Egypt, Ghana, South Africa, Indonesia, Vietnam, Colombia and Peru.
In the years 2013–2016 Switzerland will contribute a total of CHF 1.28 billion (11.3% of the total budget) for economic and commercial measures in development cooperation. About 50% will go to the eight SECO priority countries. The rest will be allocated to global and economic measures in SDC priority countries.